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Standard

DOGO ARGENTINO STANDARD

 

 

 


BREED STANDARD OF THE DOGO ARGENTINO

General Appearance: The ideal Dogo Argentino is a study in harmony. He is large, powerful, and athletic. His strong head is supported by a thick, but elegant neck that connects to a balanced body, which is sustained by straight, substantial forelegs and very muscular, medium-angulated hindquarters. The Dogo gives the impression of explosive power and energy. Developed to find, chase and catch dangerous game the Dogo must have a good nose, great lung capacity, and a powerful, yet agile, muscular build. His expression is alert and intelligent, with a marked hardness. The Dogo is instantly identifiable by his short, completely white coat. The Dogo Argentino's head gives him his unique stamp. The measurement from the brow bone to the tip of the nose is the same length as the measurement from the brow bone to the occiput. These proportions were designed to give the Dogo a sufficiently large mouth and powerful bite for holding prey. Great value is placed upon this equal lengths ratio of 1:1 and a large mouth. The general appearance and overall balance of the Dogo Argentino, with utmost consideration given to type is a first priority. Special attention is then devoted to the head; followed by individual body components for correctness, and the gait thoroughly evaluated for efficiency.

Size Proportion, Substance – Size:
Height and weight - Males: 24 to 26½ inches, Bitches: 24 to 25½ inches.
Ideal height: Males: 25 to 25½ inches, Females: 24½ to 25 inches.
Height above or below the limits established in the standard is a disqualification.
Approximate Weights: Males: 88 to 100 pounds, Bitches: 88 to 95 pounds.
Proportion - The measurement from the brow bone to the tip of the muzzle is the same length as the measurement from the brow bone to the occiput. The withers are slightly higher than the croup. The depth of the chest represents at least 50 percent of the height at the withers. The body is slightly off square; The length of the body (measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock) may exceed the height at the withers by no more than 10 percent.
Substance - Substantially-boned and muscular, with a large and powerful head. Females are slightly smaller than males and look feminine, but without weakening substance or structure. Lack of bone and muscle development is to be severely penalized.

Head:
Head - Powerful and balanced. The ratio of cranial length is equal to cranial width. The length from the brow bone to the tip of the nose is the same length as the distance from the brow bone to the occiput.
Skull - Solid and convex, both length and width-wise, due to the relief created by the insertion of the powerful biting and nape muscles. The occiput is covered by the nape. The cheeks and masseter muscles are large, well defined, and covered with tight skin. The stop is slightly defined, as a transition from the convex skull to the slightly concave fore-face. When viewed in profile, the stop appears more defined due to the prominence of the supraorbital ridges (brow).
Expression - Alert and intelligent, with a marked hardness.
Eyes - Medium size, almond shaped, dark or hazelnut in color, protected by thick eyelids with black or flesh-colored rims (black preferred). Sub-frontal position, set wide apart. Blue eye(s) or any blue in the eyes is a disqualification.
Ears - Set at the highest points of the sides of the skull. Customarily, the ears are cropped, erect or semi-erect, and triangular in shape. Length does not exceed 50 percent of the front edge of the auricle of the ear. Without being cropped, they are of medium length, broad, thick, flat and rounded at the tip. Covered with smooth hair which is slightly shorter than on the rest of the body; they can have small dark spots, not to be penalized. In uncropped position they hang down covering the back of the cheeks. When the dog is alert they may be carried semi-erect.
Muzzle and Nose - The muzzle is strong, a bit longer than deep, well developed in width, with the sides slightly converging. The top of the muzzle is slightly concave when viewed in profile. The nose is completely black and has large nostrils. Noses that are only partially pigmented in adult specimens are to be severely penalized. Noses other than black are a disqualification.
Bite and Jaw Structure - The jaw Page 2 of 3 bones are well-developed, strong, and fit together correctly, not being over or undershot. The power of the Dogo’s bite comes from the angulation on the bottom jaw. Scissor bite is preferred, but pincer bite is acceptable. Full dentition is recommended. Teeth should be healthy and large. Broken teeth are not to be penalized on hunting dogs. Overshot or undershot dogs are to be disqualified.
Lips - The lips are very tight fitting (black pigment is preferred); never pendulous. Very short lips are preferred so that when the dog is holding prey in his mouth, he can still breathe through the commissure at the back corner of his mouth. Disqualification - The top lip extending below the bottom jaw.

Neck, Topline, Body:
Neck - Thick, strong, and arched, yet elegant. The skin is very thick and wrinkled, without forming excessive dewlap. The elasticity of the skin is due to the cellular tissue being very lax.
Back and Topline - The withers are pronounced. The back is strong, with well-defined muscles. The muscular topline is highest at the withers and slopes slightly to the croup. A longitudinal groove, created by the relief of the dorsal muscles, runs along the dog's spine. Seen from the side the topline should not have any depression.
Body - Slightly off square. The length of the body (measured from the point of the shoulder to point of the buttock) may exceed the height at the withers by 10 percent. The chest is broad and deep, giving the impression of large lungs. The thorax is deep, and when viewed from the front and in profile it extends below the elbows. The loins are short and muscular. The underline is well muscled, with only a slight to moderate tuck-up of the abdomen. The croup is muscular and broad.
Tail - The tail is medium set, appearing as a continuation of the spine. It is thick at the base, straight and tapers like a saber to the hock joint. At rest it hangs down naturally, in action or when trotting it is raised approximately 45 degrees to the topline, and is amply curved in an arc. Curled tails are to be penalized. The hair on the tail is short.

Forequarters:
Legs are straight, and vertical. Shoulders are laid back, with great muscular development, yet are not exaggerated. The upper arm is the same length as the shoulder; well inclined. Elbows are placed naturally against the chest wall. Forelegs are straight with strong bone and muscles, and when viewed from the front, stand parallel to each other. The pastern joint is broad and in line with the forearm, without bony prominences or skin folds. The pastern is rather flat, well boned; seen from the side it is slightly inclined, without exaggeration. The front feet have short and tight-fitting toes (cat foot); pads are strong, thick, and preferably black. Dew claws may be removed.

Hindquarters:
Broad, with very muscular thighs and short rear pasterns (Moderate angulation in balance with the forequarters.) Strong hocks, perpendicular to the ground, neither turned in or out. Rear feet similar to front feet but slightly smaller. Without dewclaws.

Coat:
Uniform, straight, short, and smooth, with an average length of ½ to ¾ inches. Long hair is a disqualification.

Color:
Entirely white. The only tolerable spots are one black or dark-colored patch on the skull but which can also be located on one ear or around one eye or very small dark spots on the ears. The size of the spot must be in proportion to the size of the head, not exceeding 10 percent of the latter. More than one spot on the head (with the exception of small spots on the ears) is a disqualification. Comparing two dogs of equal quality, the whiter is preferred. The rims, nose and lips are preferably pigmented in black. Black pigmented skin anywhere on the dog is acceptable. A black spot anywhere other than on the head is a disqualification.

Gait: Agile and firm with noticeable modification when showing interest in something, changing into an attitude of alertness and responding with quick reflexes. Viewed from the side, proper front and rear angulation is manifested in a smoothly efficient, level-backed, ground covering stride with a powerful drive emanating from the rear. Viewed from the front or rear, the legs are parallel but converge towards the centerline as speed increases. The Dogo’s gait should always appear harmonious and balanced, showcasing his solid and sound body construction. Character &

Temperament:
The Dogo is a strong, tenacious and rustic dog that was created to protect family and property, as well as to hunt large game and destructive predators. He is a faithful companion at home and in the field. Of all of the Dogo’s attributes, he is above all else, courageous.

Disqualifications:
Height above or below the limits established in the standard.
Blue eye(s). Any blue color in the eye(s).
Nose any color other than black.
Overshot or undershot mouth.
Top lip extending below the bottom jaw.
Long hair.
More than one spot on the head (with the exception of small spots on the ears).
A black spot anywhere other than on the head.

Approved November 12, 2018
Effective January 1, 2019


02.08.2012/EN 
FCI-Standard N° 292 

DOGO ARGENTINO 

TRANSLATION: Mr. Jorge Nallem / Original version (Es). 
ORIGIN: Argentina. 
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD: 10.11.2011. 

UTILIZATION: Big-game hunting dog. 
FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 2 Schnauzer and Pinscher, Molossians and Swiss Mountain- and Cattledogs. 
Section 2.1 Molossian, Dogue type. Without working trial. 

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: This breed is native to the province of Cordoba, in the Mediterranean region of Argentina.
Its creator was Dr. Antonio Nores Martinez, a prominent and active surgeon (1907 – 1956).
His work was based upon the methodical crossbreeding of the “Old Fighting Dog of Cordoba”, a breed of great power and strength, which was the product of crossbreeding among dog of the breeds Bulldogs and Bull Terriers.
He selected completely white dogs for breeding, not undershot, with heavy heads and long muzzle.
After a thorough and minute character study and selection, through different generations, his aim was accomplished forming different families always using as a start the Old Fighting Dog of Cordoba which was crossed at first with English Bull Dog, Great Dane, Pyrenean Mastiff, Bull Terrier, Boxer, Pointer, Dogue de Bordeaux and Irish Wolfhound.
In 1947 the breed was already created and its genotype and phenotype were stabilized. The same year the breed standard was presented at the Hunter’s Club in the City of Buenos Aires. 
Its strength, tenacity, sense of smell and bravery make it the best in the pack of dogs to hunt wild boars, peccaries, pumas and other predators of agriculture and livestock that inhabit the vast and diverse regions of Argentina. This is the traditional activity for which Antonio Nores created this breed.
In 1964 it was recognized as a breed by the FCA (Federación Cinologica Argentina) and the Sociedad Rural Argentina, which opened their studbook to initiate registry.
Just in 1973 the breed was accepted by the FCI. This was possible thanks to the great passion and unique work and effort of Dr. Agustín Nores Martínez, brother of the founder of the breed, who achieved this recognition not only because of his individual actions but also from the institutional action of the FCA and the Dogo Argentino Club “Dr. Antonio Nores Martinez”.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: It is an athletic dog, mesomorphic, normal type, of harmonious proportions. With powerful muscles and agile, his appearance gives the impression of power, energy and strength, in contrast to its expression of friendship and gentleness. All-white; can have a single dark spot on the skull.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Mesocephalic, the muzzle should be the same length as the skull.

The height at the withers should be slightly greater than the height at the croup.

Depth of chest should represent at least 50% of the height at the withers. 

The length of the body should exceed the height at the withers by only 10% (maximum).

BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: It should be silent, never barking on the trail, with a keen nose and excellent flair, vent, agile, strong, robust and especially brave.

Should never be aggressive toward humans, a feature that will be severely observed. It must give you love without conditions or reservations.

HEAD: Of mesocephalic type, it looks strong and powerful. 

The cranio-facial axes are convergent. 

CRANIAL REGION: 

Skull: Compact, convex seen in profile and from the front due to the outline of the well developed masticatory and neck muscles.

Occiput: Occipital protuberance not visible due to powerful muscles of neck which hide it completely.

Stop: Defined but should not be deep or have sharp/abrupt angles. 

FACIAL REGION: As long as the skull, the line joining the two frontal orbital muscles is equidistant from the occiput and the mandibular joint of the upper jaws.

Nose: Strongly Black pigmented. Nostrils well opened. 

Muzzle: Same length as the skull, with concave top line. 

Lips: Tight, free edges, black pigmented, never pendulous. 

Jaws/Teeth: Jaws correctly positioned, well-developed and strong, 

With no under or overshot, with healthy teeth, large and with normal implant. Full dentition is recommended. Scissor bite, pincer bite is accepted.

Cheeks: Large, marked, covered by strong skin, without folds. Well-developed masseter muscles.

Eyes: Medium size, almond shaped, dark or hazel coloured, lids preferably with black pigmentation. Sub-frontal position, wide apart, lively and intelligent expression but at the same time remarkably firm.

Ears: Set high, lateral, well apart due to the width of the skull. Functionally, they should be cropped and erect, in triangular shape and with a length that should not exceed 50% of the front edge of the auricle of the natural ear. Without being cropped, they are of medium length, broad, thick, flat and rounded at the tip. 

Covered with smooth hair which is slightly shorter than on the rest of the body; they can have small spots, not to be penalized. 

In natural position they hang down covering the back of the cheeks. When the dog is alert they may be carried semi-erect.

NECK: Thick, arched, the skin of the throat is very thick forming smooth folds without forming dewlap. The elasticity of the skin is due to the cellular tissue being very lax.

BODY: Rectangular. The length of the body (measured from the point of shoulder to point of buttock) may exceed the height at the withers by only 10%.

Top line: Higher at the withers, sloping gently to the croup. The adults have a median furrow along the spine caused by the prominence of the spinal muscles. See from the side should not have any depression.

Withers: Strong, well defined and high. 

Back: Very strong, with muscles well defined. 

Loins: Short, broad, very muscular. 

Croup: Broad and strong. Moderately inclined. 

Chest: Broad and deep. Seen from the front and profile, the sternum must reach down to the level of the elbows, thereby giving maximum breathing capacity. The thorax is long with ribs moderately curved.

Underline and Belly: Rising slightly on the bottom line of the chest, never tucked up, strong and with good muscle tension.

TAIL: Long, not to exceed the hock joint, thick medium set. At rest it hangs down naturally, in action it is raised in an arc with an ample curve.

LIMBS 
FOREQUARTERS: 

General appearance: Legs straight, vertical, with short and tight toes. 

Shoulders: Laid back, with great muscular development without exaggerations. 

Upper arm: Same length as the shoulder; well inclined. 

Elbows: Sturdy, covered with a thicker and more elastic skin, without folds or wrinkles. Naturally placed against the chest wall.

Forearm: As long as the upper arm, perpendicular to the ground, straight with strong bone and muscles.

Pastern joint: Broad and in line with the forearm, without bony prominences or skin folds.

Pastern: Rather flat, well boned; seen from the side slightly inclined, without exaggeration. 

Front feet: With short and tight-fitting toes. With strong thick and resistant pads, preferably black pigmented.

HINDQUARTERS: 

General appearance: Well muscled, with short pasterns and tight-fitting toes, without dewclaws. Moderate angulation.

Upper thigh: Well proportioned, with visible and well developed muscles. 

Stifles: Well angulated. 

Lower thigh: Slightly shorter than upper thigh, strong and muscular. 

Hock joint / Hock: The tarsus-metatarsus section is short, strong and firm, ensuring powerful propulsion of the hind limb. Tarsus is robust, with the point of the hock very prominent. Hocks are strong, almost cylindrical and vertical, without dewclaws. 

Hind feet: Similar to forefeet, although somewhat smaller and slightly longer, maintaining the same characteristics.

GAIT / MOVEMENT: Agile and firm; with noticeable modification when showing interest in something, changing into an alert attitude and responding with quick reflexes, typical for this breed. Calm when walking; trot is extended, with good front suspension and powerful rear propulsion. At gallop, the dog shows all of its energy, fully displaying its power. The movement is agile and firm when walking, trotting or galloping. Should be harmonious and balanced showing a solid body construction. Ambling (pacing) is not accepted and is considered a serious fault.

SKIN: Homogeneous, thick but elastic. The semi-loose subcutaneous tissue is elastic, without wrinkling, except on the throat, where the subcutaneous tissue is more lax. Lips and eyelids pigmented in black are preferred. Black pigmented skin is not penalized.

COAT: 
Hair: Uniform, short, smooth, with an average length of 1.5 to 2 cm. 
Density and thickness vary according to climate. 

Colour: Entirely white. Only one black or dark-coloured patch on the skull, but which can also be located on one ear or around one eye. The size of the spot must be in proportion to the size of the head, not exceeding 10% of the latter. Comparing two dogs of equal quality, the whiter should be preferred. 

SIZE AND WEIGHT: 

Height at the withers: 
Dogs: 60 to 68 cm. 
Bitches: 60 to 65 cm.

Ideal height: 
Dogs: 64 to 65 cm. 
Bitches: 62 to 64 cm. 

Weight: Approximately: 
Males: 40 to 45 kg. 
Bitches: 40 to 43 kg. 

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional task.

SERIOUS FAULTS: 
•Lack of bone and muscle development (weakness). 
•Nose partially pigmented in adults specimens. 
•Small, weak or unhealthy teeth. 
•Entropion, ectropion. 
•Eyes of round appearance due to the shape of the eyelids, bulging eyes, light or yellow. 
•Barrel chest. 
•Keel chest. Flat ribs. 
•Lack of depth of chest, which does not reach the level of the elbows. 
•Lack of angulation on the limbs. 
•Croup higher than withers. 
•Ambling movement (pacing). 
•Males and females whose weight does not comply with the official valid standard and not in proportion to the size of the dog. 

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS: 
•Aggressive or overly shy. 
•Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified. 
•Over or undershot mouth. 
•Deafness. 
•Lack of type. 
•Long hair. 
•Total lack of pigmentation of the nose in dogs aged 2 years or more. 
•Brown nose. 
•Pendulous lips. 
•Spots on the hair of the body. 
•More than one spot on the head. 
•Height above or below the limits established in the standard. 
•Eyes of different colour or blue. 
•Lack of sexual dimorphism. 

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 
 
"ORIGINAL STANDARD"
 
SKULL. Solid, convex in the ante-posterior sense and transverse by the relieves of
the masticatory muscles and nape.
FACE. Of the same length as the skull, that is to say that the line which connects both orbitarian apophyses of the frontal bone are at the same distance from the occiput and the alveolar edge of the upper jaw bone.
EYES. Dark, wrapped up in the eyelids (of dark or light colored edges) the separation between them has to be big, it has to have a vivacious and intelligent look, but with a pronounced hardness at the same time.
JAWBONES. Well adapted, without prognathism, strong, with good dental implantation.
NOSE. Strongly pigmented in black, with a slight stop at the tip, wide nostrils.
EARS. At the top of the head, erect or semi-erect, triangular shaped, they always have to be cut off.
LIPS. Well rolled up, taut, free of black pigment lips.The short lip is required, so that when the dog is holding the catch, allows it to breath through the posterior corner of the mouth, because if the lip is "pendulum" although the jaw bone quite long, is somewhat a valve in the isnpiration and closes the corner of the mouth keeping the animal from making a suppletory breathing through mouth while holding the prey, forcing it to let the piece go due to asphyxia as it happens to the Mastif.
OCCIPUT. It must not make relief, because the potent muscles of the nape will erase it completely, being the insertion of the head and neck as an arch.
NECK. Thick, arched, slim, with a very thick throat skin, making wrinkles as in the Mastif but not so taut as those in the Bull-Terrier. This elasticity of the neck's skin is due to the cellular tissue of this part is very lax allowing the skin to slip over the superficial aponeurosis , in this way the adversary's fang or claw , only hurts the skin and if it were another dog which attempts to get hold of it neck, as the skin is very elastic and strectches a lot it lets it to hold the other dog at the same time it is beeing held.
HEIGHT. 60 to 65 cm. (23 to 26 inches)
WEIGHT. 40 to 45 kg. (88 to 100 Pounds)
CHEST. Wide and deep, with the sensation of having a great lung. Seen from the front the sternum or breast bone has to surpass below the elbows.
BACK.  Height, very strong, with great muscular relieves.
THORAX.  Wide, side view the lower edge passes the elbows.
COLUMN. Higher in the back, with a slight slope towards the haunch; in adult animals, when the muscular development of the back and kidneys is good, from the sideview it looks like an armchair and presents the medium channel all the length of the column, given by the relief of the spinal muscles.
HANDS. Rights, well planted, with short toes and well joined.
KIDNEY. Erased by the muscles of the back.
LEGS. Of muscular thighs, with a short heel and closed fingers, without aberrant fingers.
TAIL. Long, straightened in arch, with a wide curve upwards. During combat they keep it lifted and in constant side motion, as when the animal receives its master. The length must be shortened to improve harmony as a whole, for which preferential treatment should be given to those that have the tail reaching no farther than the heel.
MANTLE. Totally white, some dark or black stains can only be tolerated in the eyes or front edge of the ear , Any other stain in whichever part of the body it may be located might rule the animal out as a sign of atavic character. The white specimens with a very black pigmented skin, has to be considered as not fit for breeding due to the recessive character which is shown and that might become predominant in the offspring, if it mates with another specimen sharing the same potential defect.
MOTIVE FOR DISQUALIFICATION. Sarco eyes, deafness, stains in the body, long hair, white nose, prognathism, pendulum lip and any other body disproportion.


 

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